- (reigned ca. 668-627 b.c.)The last powerful and important king of Assyria. Ashurbanipal succeeded his father, Esarhaddon, on the Assyrian throne. After Esarhaddon died while campaigning in Egypt, the new king proceeded to consolidate Assyria's hold on the region of Syria-Palestine, then invaded Egypt. The Egyptian pharaoh, Taharqa, fled and eventually died in exile. After most of the Assyrian forces had left Egypt, Taharqa's son, Tanu-atamun, launched a rebellion, and Ashurbanipal responded by invading Egypt again. Although Ashurbanipal sacked the major Egyptian city of Thebes, a few years later (ca. 655 b.c.) he once more lost control of Egypt when the forces of the pharaoh Psamtik expelled the Assyrians from the country.It appears that Ashurbanipal failed to invade Egypt still again because he suddenly found himself embroiled in a major war with Elam, a strong kingdom situated southeast of the Mesopotamian plains. He drove the Elamites back into their own country. But then Ashurbanipal's own brother, Shamash-shuma-ukin, who had administered the city of Babylon for seventeen years, challenged him for the Assyrian throne. At first the king attempted to deal with the problem diplomatically. He issued a public appeal to the Babylonian people, admonishing them not to follow his rebellious brother. But this approach came to nothing. A full-scale war soon broke out, in which some Babylonian towns backed Shamash-shuma-ukin and others sided with Ashurbanipal. After three years of bloodshed, the rebellion collapsed; in despair, Shamash-shuma-ukin, set fire to his own palace and died in the blaze.Shortly after the civil war ended, Ashurbanipal was forced to deal with more unrest in Elam. This time the king showed the Elamites no mercy. His armies swept into Elam and went on a rampage of destruction, virtually erasing that kingdom from the map. Ashurbanipal's scribes recorded the campaign in his annals, which read in part:The sanctuaries of Elam I destroyed totally. Its gods and goddesses I scattered to the winds. ... The tombs of their earlier and later kings, who did not fear Ashur . . . and who had plagued the kings, my fathers, I destroyed.... I exposed them to the sun. Their bones I carried off to Assyria. ... I devastated the provinces of Elam. Salt ... I scattered over them.Ashurbanipal apparently did not have much time to gloat over his victory. It appears that a series of disasters - rebellions, invasions by foreign tribes, and civil strife - occurred more or less simultaneously. Details are lacking, however, because late in 639 b.c. the king's scribes stopped producing annals. As a result, the last twelve years of Ashurbanipal's reign are extremely obscure. Perhaps he abdicated the throne; or maybe he died in battle. What is more certain is that at the time of his passing the Assyrian realm was caught in a rapid and fatal decline.
Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. Don Nardo Robert B. Kebric. 2015.
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Ashurbanipal — King of Assyria Ashurbanipal on a chariot during a royal lion hunt. Reign 668 – c. 627 BC Akkadian … Wikipedia
Ashurbanipal — [ä΄shoor bän′i päl΄] died 626? B.C.; king of Assyria (668? 626?) … English World dictionary
Ashurbanipal — /ah shoor bah nee pahl /, n. died 626? B.C., king of Assyria 668? 626? B.C. Also, Assurbanipal. * * * flourished 7th century BC Last great Assyrian king (r. 668–627 BC). He was appointed crown prince of Assyria in 672 BC; his half brother was… … Universalium
ASHURBANIPAL — (ASHUR BAN APLI in assyrian; reigned 668–627? B.C.) King of Assyria, son and successor of Esarhaddon. Despite rich and diverse historical sources, it is impossible to establish a generally acceptable chronology of Ashurbanipal’s reign. In… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Ashurbanipal — King of Assyria. 669 627 BC. Esarhaddon, king of *Assyria (681 669 BC), pursued the policy of his father *Sennacherib, expanding and subjugating peoples even more vigorously. When *Esarhaddon became ill and died at Harran, his successor… … Ancient Egypt
Ashurbanipal — also Assurbanipal or Asurbanipal biographical name king of Assyria (668 627 B.C.) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Ashurbanipal — A•shur•ba•ni•pal [[t]ˌɑ ʃʊərˈbɑ niˌpɑl[/t]] also Assurbanipal n. anh big died 626? b.c., king of Assyria 668?–626? b.c … From formal English to slang
Ashurbanipal — /æʃʊəˈbanəpæl/ (say ashoouh bahnuhpal) noun died 626? BC, king of Assyria 668?–626?; collected an enormous library of cuneiform literature at Nineveh. Greek name, Sardanapalus … Australian English dictionary
Ashurbanipal — noun king of Assyria who built a magnificent palace and library at Nineveh (668 627 BC) • Syn: ↑Assurbanipal, ↑Asurbanipal • Instance Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex … Useful english dictionary
Library of Ashurbanipal — Infobox Library library name = Library of Ashurbanipal library caption = location = Nineveh, capital of Assyria coordinates = established = 7th century BC num branches = collection size = over 20,000 cuneiform tablets… … Wikipedia